Offered degree and courses

M.Sc./ Ph.D. Energy Materials Program Courses

Compulsory Core courses:

EMA 501: Materials structures and defects

EMA 502: Energy resources and storage: economics and environment

Elective courses:

EMA 503: Materials science for energy applications

EMA 504: Chemistry for energy science

EMA 505: Semiconductors materials and processing

EMA 506: Thermodynamics of materials

EMA 507: Solar, wind and biomass energies

EMA 508: Optical properties of luminescent materials

EMA 509: Device physics

EMA 601: Smart materials and structures

EMA 602: Chemical and statistical thermodynamics

EMA 603: Topics on fuel cells

EMA 604: Solid state chemistry and its applications

EMA 605: Biomaterials

EMA 606: Solar photovoltaics: fundamentals, technology, and applications

EMA 607: Advanced instrumentations and materials analysis

EMA 608: Materials and devices for energy conversion

EMA 609: Nanomaterials and energy

Project-Based Learning/ Research Seminar Course:

EMA 701: Project-based learning in energy materials

EMA 702: Research seminars on advanced topics in energy materials I

EMA 703: Research seminars on advanced topics in energy materials II



EMA 501- Materials structures and defects: This course will introduce students to materials structure and their imperfections, dislocations and strengthening mechanisms. In addition, they will study the macro, micro, nano, atomic structures, defects, phase transformation in metals. Principles of structure-property relationships of materials; control through processing.  Alloy theory, phase diagrams, and microstructural development; application to ferrous and nonferrous alloys will be discussed. The course provides structures and properties in various materials, the role of structure in cyclic loading and high temperature applications, the role of structure in the interaction of materials with the environment, the role of structure in physical properties of materials.

EMA 502- Energy resources and storage: economics and environment: The course will give an overview of world energy scenarios. The following topics will be covered through the course: Disaggregation by end-use, by supply fossil fuel reserves, estimates, duration. overview of Egypt energy scenarios, supply and reserves, country energy balance construction, energy and development linkage. Thermal properties of materials for applications such as phase change material, molten salt, principles of power to fuel, chemical storage, hydrogen storage, crystal structures and characterization and their effect on battery applications. Basic electrochemistry principles, principles of batteries, primary, secondary, lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, next-generation batteries. Life cycle costing, cost of saved energy, cost of energy generated. Environmental impacts of energy use: air pollution, SOx, NOx, COx, particulates, formation of pollutants, measurement, and controls, sources of emissions, effect of operating and design parameters on emission.

EMA 503- Materials science for energy applications: The course focuses on materials issues related to the development of new energy technologies and the most efficient utilization of existing energy resources. The following topics will be covered through the course: Unconventional geologic fuels and biofuels; photovoltaic materials and solar energy conversion; materials for future wind energy needs; thermoelectric materials for solid state energy conversion; materials for electrical energy storage; materials for hydrogen production, storage, bio-fuel cells, solid-state lighting materials; and materials challenges in nuclear energy. Materials for solar cells: semiconductors. Materials for batteries: Li-batteries, metal hydride-batteries. Materials for hydrogen technology: production (electrolysis), storage (hydrides), fuel cells (solid electrolytes, ion conductors). Materials related to gas-power plants (catalysts, microporous materials, membranes). Materials for electrochemical devices, Materials for thermoelectrical and nuclear energy conversion, Materials for energy storage.

EMA 504- Chemistry for energy science: The course will contain the following: Introduction to chemical reactions, rate laws, the rate of chemical reactions, thermochemistry, standard enthalpy of formation, standard enthalpy changes, the temperature dependence of reaction enthalpies, spontaneous chemical reaction. Combustion kinetics, fuel characteristics and properties, combustion thermodynamics,  heat of reaction, calorific value, adiabatic flame temperature, combustion kinetics, reaction mechanism, pathways, rate constants, activation energy, diffusion flame, mixed flame, flame velocity, formation of pollutants, electrochemical processes, thermodynamics of electrochemical systems, mass transfer process, kinetics of electrochemical reactions, multi-step electrode reaction, some aspects of electrochemical kinetics, charge transfer, Impact on energy technology, catalysis, processes at solid surfaces, surface growth, surface composition, physisorption and chemisorption, adsorption isotherm, heterogeneous catalysis, homogeneous catalysis, electrocatalysis, catalytic activity, impact on energy technology, polymer materials for energy application, macromolecules, conducting polymers, impact on solar cells, batteries, and other storage device.

EMA 505- Semiconductors materials and processing: The course will introduce: Band theory, essentials of the free electron gas, energy gaps and general band structure, band structures and standard representations, semiconductor physics, intrinsic properties in equilibrium; doping, carrier, concentration, mobility, and conductivity, Junctions and devices, fundamentals of optoelectronics, materials and radiant recombination, Recombination and lumines-cence, doping of compound semiconductors; Absorption and emission of light, modulation doping, and quantum effects, real heterojunctions, quantum devices, single and multiple quantum wells, principles of semiconductor laser, light amplification in semiconductors,  light emitting devices LED: Basic requirements and design principles; products, market, materials, and technologies.

EMA 506- Thermodynamics of materials: The course will present thermodynamics review, laws of thermodynamics; property relation; free energies; Maxwell relations; chemical potential; thermodynamic activity, Statistical thermodynamics. The course will discuss: the defects in solids, surfaces, and interfaces, solidification, metallic glasses, diffusion, atomic mechanisms of diffusion, high-diffusivity paths; diffusion in multiphase binary systems; diffusional transformations in solids.

EMA 507- Solar, wind and biomass energies: The course will include Introduction to renewable and sustainable energy sources. The following topics will be covered: Forms of energy, Renewable energy sources, Renewable system integration, Promoting renewable energies. Solar energy: Thermal energy systems, Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, Types of PV modules and characteristics, Types of PV systems (Grid connected, autonomous), Environmental impact and safety of PV systems, PV integration, cost per kwh, PV resources, and future prospects. Bioenergy: Biomass as fuel, Bioenergy sources (energy crops, woody crops, wastes, etc.), Combustion of solid biomass, Production of gaseous and liquid fuel from biomass, Environmental benefits and impact from the use of biomass, Biomass economics, and future prospects. Wind energy: Principles and the laws of physics behind wind harvesting, Wind turbines, Aerodynamics of wind turbines, Power and energy from wind turbines, Environmental impact and related issues, Economics, Wind energy prospects, offshore wind energy systems.

EMA 508- Optical properties of luminescent materials: The course will introduce optical materials and characteristic of optical physics in solid states, classical propagation.  Optical absorption in materials, Excitons, Optical behaviors of dopants and defects in semiconductors. Quantum confinement effect in nanostructures.  Free electrons and Plasmonic effect, luminescence centers of some metallic dopants in semiconductors, Phonon absorption, nonlinear crystals and optical properties, Optical properties of new emerging materials.

EMA 509-Device physics:   This course covers the physical principles underlying semiconductor devices operation. An emphasis on understanding of device operation rather than on circuit properties will be given. The course topics will include: elementary excitations in semiconductors such as phonons, photons, conduction electrons, and holes, built-in electric field, the PN junction, the junction transistor, Schottky barrier diodes, The MIS diode and the MOSFET, ohmic and non-ohmic contacts, Schottky diode fabrication and applications, surface effects. Application of nanotechnology in electronic and photonic devices will be discussed.

EMA 601- Smart materials and structures: The course will contain: Piezoeffect, Piezoelectric Materials, Ferroelectricity,  Magnetostrictive Materials, Magnetostriction, Cryogenic Materials, Rare Earth Materials, Thin Film Materials,  Applications, Shape Memory Alloys, Shape Memory Effects, Superelasticity, TiNi-based materials, Shape Memory Thin Films, Applications, Multiferroic Materials,  Magnetic Shape Memory Materials, Magnetoelectric Composites, Physical properties of smart materials, Smart Sensor, Actuator and Transducers. Measurements: signal Processing, Drive and Control Techniques.

EMA 602- Chemical and statistical thermodynamics: The course will include the following topics: entropy and Boltzmann distribution law, lattice models, partition functions, chemical equilibrium, kinetics, electrostatics and intermolecular forces, electrolytes, cooperativity, adsorption, catalysis, water, polymers. Boltzmann statistics. Macroscopic and microscopic variables. Partition functions. Virial expansions. Debye-Hückel theory for electrolytes. Grid-based models for liquids. The Bragg-William approximation. Molecular dynamics. Monte Carlo simulations. Brownian dynamics. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian functions. Extended Lagrangian methods.

EMA 603- Topics on fuel cells: In this course, the student will study: Hydrogen properties, Hydrogen production pathways: thermo chemical processes. Fuel cells: basic thermodynamics and chemistry PEMFC chemistry and materials. Theory of real structures with crystallographic group theory, Experimental characterization of disordered materials, Preparative methods for bulk materials, Nanotechnology in hydrogen technologies.

EMA 604- Solid state chemistry and its applications: This course will contain the structure of complex materials, Crystallography, Structure determination of bulk Materials, Intermetallic phases, porous materials, silicates, Solid state reactions, Formation of solids from the gas phase, Formation of solids from melts, Preparation of inorganic polymers, Porous, and nanostructured materials.

EMA 605- Biomaterials: This course will include: Introduction to Biomaterials, Biocompatibility, biocompatibility issues of biomaterials, how to overcome these issues, Bio functionality, In vitro and in vivo testing, Tissue-biomaterial interactions, biological response with biomaterials, Metallic biomaterials, Organic biomaterials, Biomaterials processing and synthesis, Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings, Materials selection for implants and prostheses, Dental materials, Orthodontic wires Shape memory alloys, Use of β-Titanium and Ni-Ti alloys as biomaterials, Corrosion and biodegradation of bio-materials, Stress shielding effect,  Applications of biomaterials.

EMA 606- Solar photovoltaics: fundamentals, technology, and applications: At this course, the student will know Photovoltaic materials, Materials in bulk and thin film forms, The role of the microstructure (single crystal, multicrystalline, polycrystalline, amorphous and nanocrytalline) in electrical and optical properties of the materials. Need for different solar cells design, the technology route for making solar cells, Different methods of characterization of materials and devices, Applications of photovoltaic for power generation from few watts to Megawatts, Concentrating Solar Power generation using photoelectrochemical systems. Detailed analysis of a variety of solar cells (amorphous silicon and their alloys, CdTe-based thin film solar cells, CuInSe (CIS) based thin film solar cells, next generation of silicon based thin film solar cell, multijunction or heterojunction devices, Dye sensitized solar cells. Next generation of Nanostructures based-solar cells.

EMA 607- Advanced instrumentations for materials analysis: Overview of the principles and techniques in materials characterization and failure analysis; testing codes and standards. Non-destructive testing methods: dye penetration, magnetic particles inspection, eddy currents. Ultrasonics and radi-ography. Mechanical and thermal techniques: dynamic mechanical analysis, thermomechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry. Microscopy: TEM, SEM, AFM, SAM and SLAM. Other structural, chemical and surface analyses: XRD, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, RHEED, RBS, EDX, LIMS and other novel techniques using plasma and post-ionization.

EMA 608- Materials and devices for energy conversion: This course will present Solid state conversion of energy between electrical and light (photovoltaics and light-emitting diodes), thermal and electrical (thermoelectric and solid-state thermionic), thermodynamic limits, materials figures-of-merit, device design issues; challenges in materials; potential advantages of nanocomposites; prospects for technology replacement.

EMA 609- Nanomaterials and energy: The course aims to provide students with a fundamental understanding of the scientific principles and new strategies to transfer, capture, and store energy derived from various resources (e.g., solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass), Types of Bonding and Structure-Bonding-Properties Relationships, Crystallography and Diffusion, Nanostructured and Porous Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Supercapacitors, Energy Material Synthesis: Bottom-up, Heterogeneous Reactions, Chemical Vapor Deposition, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Modeling of Energy Materials and Devices, Fabrication and Characterization of Nanocomposite Dielectric Materials, Fabrication and characterization of Organic Photovoltaics.

EMA 701- Project-based learning: Advanced topics in Materials and Energy, suggested by one or more faculty staff members. Students participate in Project-Based Learning activities in advanced topics related to the fields of specialization.

EMA 702- Seminars on advanced topics in energy materials: Ph.D. students participate in predetermined series of research seminars, conducted by specialists in different advanced research topics, in the fields of Materials and Energy Science. The student’s evaluation is based on his understanding of the presented topics.

EMA 801- M.Sc. Thesis: For the Thesis Master’s in EMA, students will be trained, with the help of their supervisors, to perform a literature review, identify important issues in a specific field and understand the scientific approach to research questions in EMA, carry out a scientific study and appropriately managing the obtained data. Also, students will be trained to appreciate the ethics involved in Biology/Biotechnology research, and to express themselves clearly in science (when speaking and writing). The students will be trained and encouraged to prepare their work for publication in high impact scientific journals. The student will be guided to submit a research thesis not exceeding 60,000 words, including tables, figures, and footnotes, and present an appropriate defense in an oral examination.

EMA 802 – Ph.D. Thesis: For the Thesis Ph.D.’s in EMA, students will be trained, with the help of their supervisors, to perform a literature review, identify important issues in a specific field and understand the scientific approach to research questions in EMA, carry out a scientific study and appropriately managing the obtained data. Importantly, the Ph.D. graduate students will be provided with a complete and thorough opportunity to become a research scientist, to be exposed to the highest quality research methods and techniques in the field of EMA. Also, student will be supported by an environment that fosters critical thinking. In addition, they will be provided with an appreciation for the value of multidisciplinary collaborations. The students will be trained and encouraged to prepare their work for publication in high impact scientific journals. The student will be guided to submit a research thesis not exceeding 100,000 words, including tables, figures, and footnotes, and present an appropriate defense in an oral examination.