Depletion of traditional fuels and the exponential increase in energy demand will make energy resources an important issue worldwide. The interactions between the human activities in the field of energy had become crucial. Excessive consumption of energy requires innovation and development of systems to utilize the available energy resources efficiently. This will ensure the optimal utilization of available resources, preserve the environment, and create new investment opportunities. Tools for addressing such situations include, but not limited to, Renewable Energy Systems, Alternative Fuels with appropriate developments in combustion systems, Fuel Cells Technologies, Energy Storage Systems and Energy Conversions and Management. The program offered by Department of Energy Resources Engineering is a unique direction among Egyptian Universities and will contribute to the understanding of the above subjects and the national income.