Research Areas

Research Areas


Faculty of Engineering research areas

Electronics and Communications Engineering

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems

  • Development of integrated circuits for wireless power transfer systems
  • Development of low phase noise CMOS oscillators for millimeter wave applications
  • Sensors electronics
  • Radio frequency transceivers design
  • RF-CMOS Front-end (LNA, PA, Mixer, VCO, VGA)

Digital System Architecture and Design

  • Application specific, reconfigurable, and embedded architectures
  • Networks-on-Chip, Network processor and router architectures
  • System-on-Chips
  • Parallel and multi-core systems
  • Ultra low power and energy efficient architecture design
  • High Performance Computing/Processing Systems
  • Security Architectures/Secure Design of Embedded Systems
  • Neuromorphic computing
  • High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC/H.265)
  • Embedded Machine Vision Systems
  • Wireless Body Area Networks

Digital Signal Processing

  • Image and Video Processing
  • Speech and Audio processing
  • Multi-dimension Signal Processing and Stochastic Processes
  • Multimedia Systems
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Vision and Image Analysis
  • Adaptive Filtering Design
  • Sparse Signal Processing and Applications
  • Compressive sensing
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedical Signal Processing

Wireless Communication Systems

  • 5G Communication System
  • Broadband Wireless Systems
  • PHY Layer Design
  • Coding for Communication Systems
  • Cognitive and Software-Defined Radio
  • PHY Layer Security
  • Wireless-Optical Communications

Photonics Communications Systems

  • Silicon Photonics and Photonic Crystals
  • Visible-Light Communications (VLC)
  • Free-Space Optics (FSO)
  • Digital Signal Processing for Optical Communications
  • Optical Space-Division Multiplexing (SDM).
  • Coherent Light wave Systems
  • Optical Transport and Access Networks
  • Information Theory and Coding

Microwave Engineering and Remote Sensing

  • Wireless Power Transfer Systems
  • Nano- Antennas and Passive Devices
  • Antenna and Resonators for Imaging Technologies
  • Microwave and 60GHz mm Wave Antennas and Circuits
  • Antenna and Rectennas for IOT Applications
  • Energy harvesting for Implantable and wearable devices
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic Electromagnetic Applications
  • Smart Antennas and Adaptive Antenna Arrays
  • Antennas for Medical Applications
  • Antenna Imaging Technologies
  • Antenna System for 5G Communication
  • Frequency and Time Domain Techniques for Antenna and Microwave Devices
  • Reconfigurable Antennas and Arrays
  • Novel Electromagnetic Materials
  • Remote Sensing and Satellite Observation
Computer Science and Engineering

Parallel Computing

  • High Performance Computing
  • Heterogeneous Systems/Accelerators
  • HPC on the Cloud
  • High Performance Embedded Systems/Edge Computing
  • Big Data Processing and Knowledge Discovery from Data
  • Parallelizing Compilers
  • Dynamic Binary Translation
  • Cloud Security/Homomorphic Encryption
  • Analytical Performance Modelling
  • Quantum Computing
  • Neuro-Processing Acceleration

Cyber-Physical Systems

  • Machine Learning
  • Computer-Aided Drug Design
  • Road Traffic Control, Modeling, and Simulation
  • Computational Robotics
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Rigorous Simulation of Dynamical Systems
  • Computable Analysis

Intelligent Systems

  • Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
  • AI and Multi-Agent Systems
  • Natural Language Understanding
  • Computational Intelligence
  • Bioinformatics

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

  • Object/Person/Face Detection
  • Object/Face Recognition
  • Object/People Tracking
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Optical Character Recognition
  • Image Segmentation
  • Feature Detection/Description/Matching
  • Video Surveillance
  • Large-Scale Visual Recognition
  • Vision Computing on Modern Parallel Architectures

Theory and Analysis of Algorithms

  • Analysis of Algorithms
  • Data Structures
  • Graph Algorithms

Stochastic modeling

  • Queuing models
  • Matrix analytic method
  • Markov decision processes
  • Performance evaluation and optimization

Mechatronics and Robotics Engineering

Bio-Mechatronic Systems

  • Surgical Robots
  • Rehabilitation Robots and Assistive Devices
  • Human-Robot Interaction
  • Prosthetic Devices
  • Smart Medical Devices
  • Bio-Inspired Robots

Magnetic Suspension and Bearing Systems

  • Control of Magnetic Bearing Systems
  • Applications of Magnetic Bearing in Medical Field
  • Magnetically Levitated Wind Turbine
  • Robots with Magnetic Bearing Joints
  • Vibration Isolation Systems Using Magnetic Suspension
  • Self-Bearing (Bearingless) Motors.

Intelligent Mechatronics Systems

  • Flying/Walking Robot.
  • Tele-Operation Systems.
  • Aerial Manipulation Systems
  • Multi-Locomotion Robots
  • Legged Robots
  • Wearable Vehicle
  • Brain-Based Devices
  • Micro/Nano Manipulation
  • Parallel Manipulators
  • Swarm Robots
  • Intelligent control of Smart Actuators
  • Nonlinear Vibration Systems
  • Smart Structures

Field and Service Robots

  • Mobile Robot Exploration, Navigation and Control
  • Rescue Robots
  • Inspection Robot
  • Climbing Robots
  • Robot Motion Control in Unstructured Area
  • Landmines Detection Robots
  • Indoor Service Robot.
  • Insect-Killing Robot
  • Solar Powered Rover
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, AUV
  • Agriculture Robots
  • Mining Robots
  • Forestry Robots
  • Construction Robots

Micro/Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems

  • Tactile Sensing Systems
  • Smart Sensor/ Actuators
  • Energy Harvesting Devices
  • Micro Flying Robot
  • Microfluidics Systems

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Industrial Engineering

  • Integrated Berth Allocation and Quay Crane Assignment in Container Terminals.
  • Green Vehicle Routing Problem/Pollution Routing Problem.
  • Operations Research Application in Healthcare Planning and Management.
  • Production Planning and Operations Management.
  • Inventory Control Systems.

Manufacturing Engineering

  • Modeling and Simulation of Metal Cutting Processes.
  • Chatter Occurrence in Cutting Processes.
  • Characterization of Ultrasonic-Assisted Milling.
  • Ultrasonic-Assisted Machining of Hard-to-Cut Materials.
  • Abrasive Water Jet Machining.
Materials Science and Engineering

Nano-materials for energy, sensing, environmental and electronic applications

  • Perovskite, CTS, Organic and Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Solar Cells: Fundamental Investigation & Device Engineering.
  • Nanomaterials for Gas Sensing Applications; Fundamental Investigation& Device Engineering.
  • Carbon Nanostructured Materials (Graphene, Carbon Nanofibers and CNTs): Synthesis, Charactrization and Device Engineering in Supercacitors/Batteries/Fuel Cells applications.
  • Nano-Piezo Electronic Materials: Approaches to Energy Scavenging.
  • Strain Gauge Sensors: Materials and Fabrications.
  • Thin Film and Bulk Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials.
  • Plasmonic Nanostructuted Materials as Photo-thermal Membranes.
  • CNTs and Graphene-Based Materials for printed and Flexible Electronic Application.
  • Photocatalysis and Environmental Catalysis for Hydrogen Generation and Fisher Tropcsh Synthesis.
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials for Science and Energy Systems.
  • Corrosion and Super-hydrophobic Coatings with Self-heating Properties.
  • Chitosan, Chitosan-Nanoparticles and Nanofibers Preparation and Characterization For Tissue Engineering And Drug Systems

Mechanics of materials: Modeling, Simulation and characterization (properties, stress, strain and displacement)

  • Mechanics of Friction Stir Welding of Similar and Dissimilar Materials
  • Mechanical Electrical Properties of Biological Materials and Heart Tissues
  • Mechanics of Microforming and Micro-Laser Drilling
  • Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Hydroxyapatite
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nano-Pieso Electric Materials
  • Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Analysis Techniques.
  • Evolution of Boundary Elements in Fracture Mechanics
  • Material Models On Macro and Micro Levels
  • Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Composites and Nano-Composites
  • Laser Processing of Steels and Carbon fibers
  • Hot Deformation of Metal Matrix Composites
  • Formability of Ultrafine-Grained Structures
  • Mechanical Processing of New TWIP Stainless Steels
  • Evaluation of The Fatigue Performance of New High Strength Materials For Structural Engineering Applications
  • Crashworthiness and structural dynamics
  • Coatings and Piezoelectric thin films
  • Polymer Nano composites and ternary rubbers

Advanced Functional Metallic Materials (Design, Processing and Characterization)

  • Ultra-High Strength, Super-Alloys and High Entropy Alloys
  • Dental, Bio-Implants, And Bio-Degradable Metallic Materials
  • Bulk-Nanostructure Materials and Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Improved Castability and Cold Workability of Metals and Alloys
  • Shape Memory and Superelastic Alloys for Sensing, Biomedical, And Structural Application
  • Metal and Metal-Oxides Nano-Tubes and Nano-Rods (Production, Characterization and Applications
  • Structural High Temperature Alloys for Power Plants Applications (Design, Production and Characterization)
  • Bulk-Nanostructured Thermo-Electric Alloys
  • Metals and Alloys for Radiation Sensing And Shielding
  • High Temperature Superconductors
Energy Resources Engineering

Renewable Energy Systems

  • Renewable energy driving systems
  • Solar cooling systems
  • Solar energy utilization in water harvesting from atmospheric air
  • Renewable energy- driven seawater desalination
  • Solar energy storage using adsorption technology
  • Solar systems for energy-efficient housing
  • Renewable energy-based hybrid adsorption-vapor compression refrigeration systems
  • Thermal regulation of PV systems using nanotechnology
  • Smart Energy Grids


  • Refrigeration and air conditioning
  • Power plants and thermal compart
  • Multi-phase flows
  • Flow in porous media
  • Heat and mass transfer with applications to energy systems
  • Computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer
  • Heat pipe
  • desalination systems
  • micro-and nano scale flows
  • multiscale computations (continuum-meso), molecular dynamic simulation

Alternative Energy Systems

  • Fuel cell technology
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cells
  • Direct methanol fuel cells
  • Solid Oxide fuel cells
  • Solar Hydrogen production
  • Photoelectrochemical cells
  • Photovoltaic/photoelectrochemical cells

Fuel and Combustion Engines

  • Spray and liquid atomization,
  • Alternative fuels and combustion performance,
  • Internal combustion engines,
  • Gas turbine performance enhancement,
  • Biomass characterization and utilization,
  • Combustion of low-grade fuels,
  • Nanoparticles synthesis
  • Integrated renewable-combustion-based energy systems

Energy Storage Systems

  • Thermal energy storage
  • Mechanical energy storage
  • Electrochemical energy storage
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Energy storage systems for grid support

Energy Conservation and Management

  • Electric Vehicle and fuel cell vehicle energy management systems
  • Energy management strategies for PV-wind–Fuel cell- energy storage hybrid systems.
  • Energy audits, energy efficiency and energy managements
  • Energy efficient in buildings

Environmental Engineering

Natural Resources Management

  • Hydrological Modeling and Integrated Watershed Modeling (including sediment transport, storm analysis)
  • Hydraulic Modeling and Simulation (physical, mathematical and numerical)
  • Hydrology of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions (incl. groundwater)
  • Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
  • Coastal Engineering (incl. sediment transport, ecosystem conservation)
  • River Basin Engineering
  • Nonconventional Water Resources (desalination, water reuse …etc.)
  • Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Studies
  • Optimization of Water Resources Conjunctive Use
  • Climate Change Impact Assessment (Water Cycle)
  • Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS In Water Resources and Sewer Systems
  • Natural Resources Mapping and Assessment using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies

Environmental Assessment and Management

  • Sustainability and sustainable development
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Environmental management for sustaining a green environment
  • Cleaner production for green industry
  • Green healthcare units
  • Climate change
  • Water and waste water management
  • Air quality assessment and monitoring
  • Sustainable cities
  • Waste assessment and management
  • Sustainable development goals

Waste Management

  • Wastewater Treatment Technologies
  • Industrial Waste Treatment and Management
  • Biofuels, chemicals and bio-fertilizers production from solid wastes
  • Hydrogen and Methane Generation from Waste Materials
  • Waste Recycling and Management
  • Applications of Nanotechnologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment
  • Sludge Treatment
  • Advanced Oxidation Processes
  • Application of water chemistry and microbiology for treatment of organic and inorganic pollutant

Air Pollution

  • Air Pollution Assessment and Control
  • Climate Change and Sustainability (Greenhouse Effect)
  • Indoor Air Quality Improvement Techniques
  • Assessment of Emissions from Industries and Minimization Techniques
Chemicals and Petrochemicals Engineering

Desalination using solar Energy

  • Design of new solar collectors using nanofluids and its applications in water desalination
  • Desalination Using Capacitive Deionization Techniques.

Design of wastewater treatment units and its applications

  • Advanced Oxidation Techniques such as Plasma for Water Purification.
  • Photocatalysis and its applications in water treatment
  • Using New materials as ion exchange for water treatment
  • Preparation of New electrodes and it applications for wastewater treatment by electrooxidation techniques.

Preparation of Nano-materials and its applications

  • Ion exchange
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Fuel cells

Corrosion Protection

  • Preparation of New Smart Materials and its applications for corrosion control

Catalysis and its applications

  • Photocataysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, Production of new chemical and petrochemical materials.
  • Electrocatalysis and its Applications in Supercapacitors, Batteries, Sensors and Biosensors.
  • Enzyme-catalysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, production of foodstuffs and pharmaceutical materials.

Membrane fabrication and modifications and its applications in

  • Desalination and Ultrafiltration processes.
  • Fuel cells and Hydrogen production
  • Separation processes.

Design of Micro-reactor and its applications such as:

  • Preparation of fine chemicals, food stuffs and pharmaceutical drugs, etc..

Development of new polymeric materials:

  • Composites, insulators, fibrous materials and conducting polymers, etc.

Biodiesel production from agricultural and oil wastes

Chemical and Petrochemicals operations development and performance improvement

  • Distillation, liquid extraction, gas absorption, crystallisation, adsorption, and many other separation techniques performance and productivity improvement.

Institute of Basic and Applied Sciences

Nanoscience Program
  • CNFs and graphene-based materials for supercapacitor, batteries, thermoelectric, sensors applications.
  • Scalable production of conductive graphene inks for 2D and 3D printed flexible electronics.
  • Nano catalysis based graphene for micro-reaction systems and FTs synthesis applications.
  • Nanostructured coatings for corrosion protection and thermal management.
  • Preparation of conducting polymers for sensors, catalysis, drug delivery & super adsorbents.
  • Preparation of mesoporous materials for sensors, catalysis, drug delivery & super adsorbents.
  • Utilization of carbon nanostructures for photodynamic therapy (Medical applications)
  • Solar fuels: Artificial photosynthesis for solar energy conversion
  • Photodynamic studies of carbon nanostructures by using laser photolysis techniques
  • Fabrication of mesoporous materials for monitoring and removing toxic and radioactive species in water
Biotechnology Program
  • Medical / Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Biomarkers; therapeutics.
  • Microbiological Biotechnology: Host – pathogen interface, bio-active products
  • Environmental Biotechnology: pollutants, ecosystems.
  • Agricultural Biotechnology: Pest / disease control; GMO’s.
Applied and Computational Mathematics (ACM) Program
  • Numerical methods, analysis and computation
  • Computational methods for differential equations
  • Fractional calculus and applications
  • Dynamical systems
  • Stochastic modelling
  • Boundary layer problems
  • Optimal control problems
  • Applications of computational mathematics to science and engineering
Energy Materials Program
  • Novel Solar Cells Materials and Device
  • Room Temperature Quantum Emitters
  • Carbon Quantum Dots and their Photonic Applications
  • Physics of Ultra-thin films for Quantum Electronics
  • Green Synthesis of Quantum Dots with Tunable Quantum Yield
  • Quantum Dots for Air Pollutants Control