Research Areas

Research Areas

 

Faculty of Engineering research areas

Electronics and Communications Engineering

1) Electronics and Communications Engineering

 

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems

  • Development of integrated circuits for wireless power transfer systems
  • Development of low phase noise CMOS oscillators for millimetre wave applications
  • Sensors electronics
  • Radio frequency transceivers design
  • RF-CMOS Front-end (LNA, PA, Mixer, VCO, VGA)

Digital System Architecture and Design

  • Application specific, reconfigurable, and embedded architectures
  • Networks-on-Chip, Network processor and router architectures
  • System-on-Chips
  • Parallel and multi-core systems
  • Ultra low power and energy efficient architecture design
  • High Performance Computing/Processing Systems
  • Security Architectures/Secure Design of Embedded Systems
  • Neuromorphic computing
  • High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC/H.265)
  • Embedded Machine Vision Systems
  • Wireless Body Area Networks

Digital Signal Processing

  • Image and Video Processing
  • Speech and Audio processing
  • Multi-dimension Signal Processing and Stochastic Processes
  • Multimedia Systems
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Vision and Image Analysis
  • Adaptive Filtering Design
  • Sparse Signal Processing and Applications
  • Compressive sensing
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedical Signal Processing

Wireless Communication Systems

  • 5G and B5G Communication System
  • Broadband Wireless Systems
  • PHY Layer Design
  • Coding for Communication Systems
  • Cognitive and Software-Defined Radio
  • PHY Layer Security
  • Wireless-Optical Communications
  • Machine learning for wireless communications
  • Quantum Communications

Photonics Communications Systems

  • Silicon Photonics and Photonic Crystals
  • Visible-Light Communications (VLC)
  • Free-Space Optics (FSO)
  • Digital Signal Processing for Optical Communications
  • Optical Space-Division Multiplexing (SDM).
  • Coherent Light wave Systems
  • Quantum Information Theory

Microwave Engineering and Remote Sensing

  • Wireless Power Transfer Systems
  • Nano- Antennas and Passive Devices
  • Antenna and Resonators for Imaging Technologies
  • Microwave and 60GHz mm Wave Antennas and Circuits
  • Antenna and Resonators for IOT Applications
  • Energy harvesting for Implantable and wearable devices
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic Electromagnetic Applications
  • Smart Antennas and Adaptive Antenna Arrays
  • Antennas Design for Medical Applications
  • Antenna for Imaging Technologies
  • Antenna System for 5G Communication
  • Frequency and Time Domain Technologies for Antenna and Microwave Devices
  • Reconfigurable Antennas and Arrays
  • Novel Electromagnetic Materials
  • Remote Sensing and Satellite Observation
Computer Science and Engineering

2) Computer Science and Engineering

Computer Architecture

  • High Performance Architectures
  • Matrix/Vector Processing
  • Processor Architecture
  • Performance Evaluation of Parallel Architectures
  • Multi-core/Many-core Processors
  • Hardware Visualization
  • FPGA/System C Implementation

Computer Networks

  • Cloud Computing
  • Wireless Networks
  • Delay-tolerant Networks
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Interconnected Vehicles
  • Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks
  • Cellar Networks and 5G and Beyond
  • Cloud/Centralized Radio Access Network (C-RAN)
  • Fog/Edge Computing
  • Indoor Localization
  • Calibration-free localization
  • GPS Replacement Technologies
  • Device-free Localization
  • Device-free Activity Recognition
  • Automatic Construction of Indoor Floor Plans
  • Cognitive Radio Networks
  • Software-defined Networks

Computer Security and Cryptography

  • Network Security
  • Information Security and Cryptography
  • Computer Security
  • Wireless Network Security
  • IoT Security
  • Vehicular Network Security
  • Smart City Security
  • Cloud Security
  • Cyber Security
  • Homomorphic Encryption

Parallel Computing

  • High Performance Computing
  • Heterogeneous Systems/Accelerators
  • HPC on the Cloud
  • High Performance Embedded Systems
  • Big Data Processing and Knowledge Discovery from Data
  • Parallelizing Compilers
  • Dynamic Binary Translation
  • Analytical Performance Modelling
  • Quantum Computing
  • Neuro-Processing Acceleration

Cyber-Physical Systems

  • Machine Learning
  • Computer-Aided Drug Design
  • Road Traffic Control, Modeling, and Simulation
  • Computational Robotics
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Rigorous Simulation of Dynamical Systems
  • Computable Analysis

Intelligent Systems

  • Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
  • AI and Multi-Agent Systems
  • Natural Language Understanding
  • Computational Intelligence
  • Bioinformatics
  • Deep Learning

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

  • Object/Person/Face Detection
  • Object/Face Recognition
  • Object/People Tracking
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Optical Character Recognition
  • Image Segmentation
  • 3D Computer Vision
  • Feature Detection/Description/Matching
  • Video Surveillance
  • Large-Scale Visual Recognition
  • Vision Computing on Modern Parallel Architectures

Theory and Analysis of Algorithms

  • Analysis of Algorithms
  • Data Structures
  • Graph Algorithms
  • Computational Geometry
  • Amortized Complexity
  • Algorithms for Computer Graphics and Visualization

Stochastic Modeling and Simulation

  • Queuing Theory
  • Stochastic Optimization
  • Performance Evaluation
  • Cognitive Radio Network
  • Health Care Applications
Mechatronics and Robotics Engineering

 

3) Mechatronics and Robotics Engineering

 

Bio-Mechatronic Systems

  • Surgical Robots
  • Rehabilitation Robots and Assistive Devices
  • Human-Robot Interaction
  • Prosthetic Devices
  • Smart Medical Devices
  • Bio-Inspired Robots

Magnetic Suspension and Bearing Systems

  • Control of Magnetic Bearing Systems
  • Applications of Magnetic Bearing in Medical Field
  • Magnetically Levitated Wind Turbine
  • Robots with Magnetic Bearing Joints
  • Vibration Isolation Systems Using Magnetic Suspension
  • Self-Bearing (Bearingless) Motors.

Intelligent Mechatronics Systems

  • Flying/Walking Robot.
  • Tele-Operation Systems.
  • Aerial Manipulation Systems
  • Multi-Locomotion Robots
  • Legged Robots
  • Wearable Vehicle
  • Brain-Based Devices
  • Micro/Nano Manipulation
  • Parallel Manipulators
  • Swarm Robots
  • Intelligent control of Smart Actuators
  • Nonlinear Vibration Systems
  • Smart Structures

Field and Service Robots

  • Mobile Robot Exploration, Navigation and Control
  • Rescue Robots
  • Inspection Robot
  • Climbing Robots
  • Robot Motion Control in Unstructured Area
  • Landmines Detection Robots
  • Indoor Service Robot.
  • Insect-Killing Robot
  • Solar Powered Rover
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, AUV
  • Agriculture Robots
  • Mining Robots
  • Forestry Robots
  • Construction Robots

Micro/Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems

  • Tactile Sensing Systems
  • Smart Sensor/ Actuators
  • Energy Harvesting Devices
  • Micro Flying Robot
  • Microfluidics Systems

 

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

4) Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

 

Applied Operations Research Laboratory

Container Terminal Planning and Analysis Applications

  • Integrated Berth Allocation and Quay Crane Assignment
  • Discrete Event Simulation Applications
  • Container Vessel Stowage Planning

Healthcare applications

 

  • Operating Room Planning and Scheduling.
  • Nurse Planning and Scheduling.
  • Simulation optimization of healthcare operations.

 

Energy and sustainability Management Applications

 

  • Smart Grid Management and Optimization Models
  • Crop Planning and Irrigation Water Management and Optimization

 

Supply Chain Management and Applications

 

  • Green Vehicle Routing Problem/Pollution Routing Problem
  • Electric Vehicle Related Problems: Charging Stations Location Allocation Problem
  • Autonomous Trucks Logistics Problems
  • Ride Hailing/Sharing Models

 

Supply Chain Management and Applications

 

  • Data Analytics Based Inventory and Production Planning and Management
  • The Joint Replenishment Problem

 

Conventional Machining Laboratory

 

  • Modelling and Simulation of Metal Cutting Processes
  • Ultrasonic-Assisted Machining (Milling or Drilling)
  • Machining of Hard-to-Cut Materials (Milling or Drilling)
  • Chatter Occurrence and Prevention in Milling Processes
  • Machine-Tool/ Milling Process Interaction
  • Dynamic Interaction between Feed Drive Systems and Cutting Process in Milling Machines

 

 

Materials Science and Engineering

5) Materials Science and Engineering

Nano-materials for energy, sensing, environmental and electronic applications

  • Perovskite, CTS, Organic and Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Solar Cells: Fundamental Investigation & Device Engineering.
  • Nanomaterials for Gas Sensing Applications; Fundamental Investigation& Device Engineering.
  • Carbon Nanostructured Materials (Graphene, Carbon Nanofibers and CNTs): Synthesis, Charactrization and Device Engineering in Supercacitors/Batteries/Fuel Cells applications.
  • Nano-Piezo Electronic Materials: Approaches to Energy Scavenging.
  • Strain Gauge Sensors: Materials and Fabrications.
  • Thin Film and Bulk Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials.
  • Plasmonic Nanostructuted Materials as Photo-thermal Membranes.
  • CNTs and Graphene-Based Materials for printed and Flexible Electronic Application.
  • Photo catalysis and Environmental Catalysis for Hydrogen Generation and Fisher Tropcsh Synthesis.
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials for Science and Energy Systems.
  • Corrosion and Super-hydrophobic Coatings with Self-heating Properties.
  • Chitosan, Chitosan-Nanoparticles and Nanofibers Preparation and Characterization For Tissue Engineering And Drug Systems
  • Electro spun Nanofibers and Its Applications in Water Desalination and Energy
  • Materials of Solar Water Desalination
  • Materials of Solar Hydrogen Generation

Mechanics of materials: Modeling, Simulation and characterization (properties, stress, strain and displacement)

  • Mechanics of Friction Stir Welding of Similar and Dissimilar Materials
  • Mechanical Electrical Properties of Biological Materials and Heart Tissues
  • Mechanics of Microforming and Micro-Laser Drilling
  • Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Hydroxyapatite
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nano-Pieso Electric Materials
  • Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Analysis Techniques.
  • Evolution of Boundary Elements in Fracture Mechanics
  • Material Models On Macro and Micro Levels for Metals, Polymer and Nanocomposites
  • Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Composites and Nano-Composites
  • Laser Processing of Steels
  • Hot Deformation of Metal Matrix Composites
  • Formability of Ultrafine-Grained Structures
  • Mechanical Processing of New TWIP Stainless Steels
  • Evaluation of The Fatigue Performance of New High Strength Materials For Structural Engineering Applications
  • Superplastic Forming
  • Stir Casting of Metal Matrix Composites
  • Laser Welding Similar and Dissimilar Materials
  • Crashworthiness of High Strength Steels, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments
  • Properties of Advanced Materials for Thermal Memory
  • Hydroxyapatite: Preparation, Properties and Its Applications

<AFMM>Advanced Functional Metallic Materials (Design, Processing and Characterization)

  • Ultra-High Strength, Super-Alloys and High Entropy Alloys
  • Dental, Bio-Implants, And Bio-Degradable Metallic Materials
  • Bulk-Nanostructure Materials and Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Improved Castability and Cold Workability of Metals and Alloys
  • Shape Memory and Superelastic Alloys for Sensing, Biomedical, And Structural Application
  • Metal and Metal-Oxides Nano-Tubes and Nano-Rods (Production, Characterization and Applications
  • Structural High Temperature Alloys for Power Plants Applications (Design, Production and Characterization)
  • Bulk-Nanostructured Thermo-Electric Alloys
  • Metals and Alloys for Radiation Sensing And Shielding
  • High Temperature Superconductors
Energy Resources Engineering

6) Energy Resources Engineering

 

Renewable Energy Systems

  • Design of Solar Energy Systems
  • Thermal Regulation of concentrator PV Systems Using Nanotechnology
  • Thermoelectric System
  • Solar cooling systems
  • Solar energy utilization in water harvesting from atmospheric air
  • Renewable energy- driven seawater desalination
  • Solar energy storage using adsorption technology
  • Solar systems for energy-efficient housing
  • Renewable energy-based hybrid adsorption-vapor compression refrigeration systems
  • Energy applications in buildings

Thermo-fluids

  • Refrigeration and air conditioning
  • Multi-phase flows
  • Flow in porous media
  • Heat and mass transfer with applications to energy systems
  • Computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer
  • Heat pipe
  • Desalination systems
  • micro-and Nano scale flows
  • Multiscale Computations (continuum-Meso), Molecular Dynamic Simulation
  • Heat Transfer

Alternative Energy Systems

  • Fuel cell technology
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cells
  • Direct methanol fuel cells
  • Solid Oxide fuel cells
  • Solar Hydrogen production
  • Photoelectrochemical cells
  • Photovoltaic/photoelectrochemical cells

Fuel and Combustion Engines

  • Spray and liquid Atomization
  • Alternative and Low-Grade Fuels
  • Internal combustion Engines
  • Biomass Gasification and Carbonization
  • Nanoparticles synthesis Using Flames
  • Integrated Combustion-Renewable Energy Systems

Energy Storage Systems

  • Thermal Energy Storage
  • Mechanical Energy Storage
  • Electrochemical Energy Storage
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Energy Storage Systems for Grid Support
  • Thermochemical Energy Storage

Energy Conservation and Management

  • Electric Vehicle and Fuel Cell Vehicle Energy Management Systems
  • Intelligent Energy Management Strategies for PV-Wind-Fuel Cell-Energy Storage Hybrid Systems
  • Energy Audits, Energy Efficiency and Energy Managements

 

Environmental Engineering

7) Environmental Engineering

 

Natural Resources Management

  • Nonconventional Water Resources (Desalination, Water Reuse And Their Applications Including)
  • Integrated Thermal And Membrane Desalination
  • Renewable Energy Driven Desalination
  • Nuclear Power Plants-Desalination
  • Water-Energy-Food Nexus
  • Agriculture Greenhouse-Desalination Systems
  • Tri-Hybrid Generation Of Water Electricity And Cooling System
  • Other Desalination Related R&D Applications
  • Groundwater Modelling/ Management (Salt-Water Intrusion)
  • Applications Of Remote Sensing And Modelling Of Evapotranspiration
  • Energy Conservation And Efficiency Improvements In Different Sectors

Environmental Assessment and Management

  • Sustainability and sustainable development
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Environmental management for sustaining a green environment
  • Cleaner production for green industry
  • Green healthcare units
  • Climate change
  • Water and waste water management
  • Air quality assessment and monitoring
  • Sustainable cities
  • Waste assessment and management
  • Sustainable development goals

Waste Management

  • Wastewater Treatment Technologies
  • Industrial Waste Treatment and Management
  • Biofuels, chemicals and bio-fertilizers production from solid wastes
  • Hydrogen and Methane Generation from Waste Materials
  • Waste Recycling and Management
  • Applications of Nanotechnologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment
  • Sludge Treatment
  • Advanced Oxidation Processes
  • Application of water chemistry and microbiology for treatment of organic and inorganic pollutant

Air Quality

  • Air Pollution Assessment and Control
  • Implementation of Nanotechnology for Pollution Control and Detection
  • Sensors and Detectors Technology

Assessment of Industrial Emissions

Chemicals and Petrochemicals Engineering

8) Chemicals and Petrochemicals Engineering

 

Desalination using solar Energy

  • Design of new solar collectors using nanofluids and its applications in water desalination
  • Desalination Using Capacitive Deionization Techniques.

Design of wastewater treatment units and its applications

  • Advanced Oxidation Techniques such as Plasma for Water Purification.
  • Photocatalysis and its applications in water treatment
  • Using New materials as ion exchange for water treatment
  • Preparation of New electrodes and it applications for wastewater treatment by electrooxidation techniques.

Preparation of Nano-materials and its applications

  • Ion exchange
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Fuel cells

Corrosion Protection

  • Preparation of New Smart Materials and its applications for corrosion control

Catalysis and its applications

  • Photocataysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, Production of new chemical and petrochemical materials.
  • Electrocatalysis and its Applications in Supercapacitors, Batteries, Sensors and Biosensors.
  • Enzyme-catalysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, production of foodstuffs and pharmaceutical materials.

  Membrane fabrication and modifications and its applications in      

  • Desalination and Ultrafiltration processes.
  • Fuel cells and Hydrogen production
  • Separation processes.

Design of Micro-reactor and its applications such as:

  • Preparation of fine chemicals, food stuffs and pharmaceutical drugs, etc.

 Development of new polymeric materials:

  • Composites, insulators, fibrous materials and conducting polymers, etc.

Biodiesel production from agricultural and oil wastes.

Chemical and Petrochemicals operations development and performance improvement

  • Distillation, liquid extraction, gas absorption, crystallisation, adsorption, and many other separation techniques performance and productivity improvement.


Institute of Basic and Applied Sciences

Nanoscience Program

1) Nanoscience Program

  • Carbon-Based Nanostructures (Carbon Nanofibers, CNTs, Graphene, etc.) Materials for Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage (Photo-Hydrogen Generation, Supercapacitors, Batteries, Fuel Cells, QDDSCs.)
  • Inorganic and Organic Thermoelectric Materials
  • Sensing and Remediation of Water for the Toxic and Radioactive Elements
  • Conducting Polymer Nanofilms and Their Application in Sensors and Catalysis
  • Nanocatalyts for Micro-Reaction Systems and High and Low Temperature Synthesis Applications (Pharmaceutical and Petrochemical)
  • Electro-Optical Characterization of Carbon Nanostructures by Using Advanced Laser Photolysis Techniques
  • Inorganic Material/ Organic Polymer Nanocomposites and Their Application In Sensors, Catalysis, Photocatalysis, Drug Delivery and Super Adsorbents
  • Electrical Conductive Carbon Nanofibers, Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes for Flexible Printed Electronics, Mechanical and Gas Sensing Applications.
  • Mesoporous Materials and their Application in Sensors , Catalysis and Drug Delivery
  • Carbon Nanostructures for Medical Applications (Light Therapy and Drug Delivery)
  • Nanostructured Conducting Polymers and their Application for Absorbing and Sensing Pollutants
  • Nanostructured Coatings for Corrosion Protection and Thermal Management
Biotechnology Program

2) Biotechnology Program

  • Medical / Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Diagnostics ; Therapeutics
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Environmental Biotechnology: Bioremediation/ Pollutants, Ecosystems.
  • Food and Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics : Analysis and Interpretation of Biological Data
Applied and Computational Mathematics (ACM) Program

3) Applied and Computational Mathematics (ACM) Program

  • Computational Methods for Ordinary , Fractional and Partial Differential Equations
  • Fractional Calculus and Applications
  • Dynamical Systems
  • Stochastic Modelling
  • Quantum Computing
  • Optimization
  • Applications of Computational Mathematics to Science And Engineering
Energy Materials Program

4) Energy Materials Program

  • Physics of Solar Cells Devices
  • Physics of Semiconductors for Energy Applications
  • Quantum Structures for Optoelectronics
  • Physics of Nanoelectronics and Spintronics Materials
  • Solar Fuels: Conversion of Light Energy into Chemical Energy
  • Nanocrystalline Thin Film Solar Cells
  • Nanocrystalline Carbon Quantum Dots for Photoenergy and Medical Therapy
  • Thin Film and Bulk Thermoelectric Materials
  • Characterization of Novel Semiconductors Materials in Space Missions
  • Impact of Radiation on Energy Materials in Space Environment