Departments and research areas

Research Areas

Faculty of Engineering

Electronics and Communications Engineering

Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems

  • Design of integrated circuits for wireless power transfer systems
  • Design of low phase noise CMOS oscillators for millimeter wave applications
  • Sensors electronics
  • Radio frequency transceivers design
  • RF-CMOS Front-end (LNA, PA, Mixer, VCO, VGA)
  • RFID systems

Digital System Architecture and Design

  • Application specific, reconfigurable, and embedded architectures
  • Networks-on-Chip, Network processor and router architectures
  • System-on-Chips
  • Parallel and multi-core systems
  • Ultra low power and energy efficient architecture design
  • High Performance Computing/Processing Systems
  • Security Architectures/Secure Design of Embedded Systems
  • Neuromorphic computing
  • High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC/H.265)
  • Embedded Machine Vision Systems
  • Wireless body area networks

Digital Signal Processing

  • Image and Video Processing
  • Speech and Audio processing
  • Multi-dimension Signal Processing and Stochastic Processes
  • Multimedia Systems
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Vision and Image Analysis
  • Adaptive Filtering Design
  • Sparse Signal Processing and Applications
  • Compressive sensing
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedical Signal Processing

Wireless Communication Systems

  • 5G Communication System
  • Machine learning and deep learning applications in communication systems
  • Broadband Wireless Systems
  • PHY layer Design
  • Coding for communication Systems
  • Quantum commination
  • Cognitive and software – Defined Radio
  • PHY layer security
  • Wireless-Optical Communication

Photonics Communications Systems

  • Silicon Photonics and Photonic Crystals
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC)
  • Free-Space Optics (FSO)
  • Digital Signal Processing for optical Communication
  • Optical Space- Division Multiplexing (SDM)
  • Coherent Light wave Systems
  • Quantum information theory

Microwave Engineering and Remote Sensing

  • Wireless Power Transfer Systems
  • Microwave engineering applications of machine learning
  • Nano- Antennas and passive Devices
  • Antenna and Resonators for Imaging Technologies
  • Microwave and 60GHz mm Wave Antennas and Circuits
  • Antenna and Rectennas for IOT Applications
  • Energy harvesting for Implantable and wearable devices
  • Microwave and mm-wave wireless Energy harvesting
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic Electromagnetic Applications
  • Frequency and Time Domain Techniques for Antenna and Microwave Devices
  • Reconfigurable Antennas and Arrays
  • Novel Electromagnetic Materials
  • Remote Sensing and Satellite Observation
  • Microwave in quantum computing
  • Chip less RFID
  • Mm- wave and THz systems for sensing and communications
  • Multi – Band Filter syntheses and design
  • 3D- Printer antenna and RF components
Computer Science and Engineering

Computer Architecture

  • High performance architecture
  • Matrix / Vector processing
  • Processor architecture
  • Performance Evaluation of parallel Architectures
  • Multi-core / Many –core Processors
  • Hardware visualization
  • FPGA/ SystemC Implementation

Parallel Computing

  • High Performance Computing
  • Heterogeneous Systems/Accelerators
  • HPC on the Cloud
  • High Performance Embedded Systems
  • Big Data Processing and Knowledge Discovery from Data
  • Parallelizing Compilers
  • Dynamic Binary Translation
  • Analytical Performance Modelling
  • Quantum Computing
  • Neuro-Processing Acceleration

Computer Networks

  • Cloud Computing
  • Wireless Networks
  • Delay-tolerant networks
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Interconnected Vehicles
  • Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks
  • Cellar Networks and 5G and Beyond
  • Cloud/Centralized Radio Access Network (C-RAN)
  • Fog/Edge Computing
  • Indoor Localization
  • Calibration-free localization
  • GPS replacement technologies
  • Device-free localization
  • Device-free activity recognition
  • Automatic construction of indoor floor plans
  • Cognitive radio networks
  • Software-defined networks

Computer Security and Cryptography

  • Network Security
  • Information Security and Cryptography
  • Computer Security
  • Wireless network security
  • IoT Security
  • Vehicular Network Security
  • Smart City Security
  • Cloud Security
  • Cyber Security
  • Homomorphic Encryption

Cyber-Physical Systems

  • Machine Learning
  • Computer-Aided Drug Design
  • Road Traffic Control, Modeling, and Simulation
  • Computational Robotics
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Rigorous Simulation of Dynamical Systems
  • Computable Analysis

Intelligent Systems

  • Deep Learning
  • Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
  • AI and Multi-Agent Systems
  • Natural Language Understanding
  • Computational Intelligence
  • Bioinformatics

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition:

  • Object/Person/Face Detection
  • Object/Face Recognition
  • Object/People Tracking
  • Human Activity Recognition
  • Optical Character Recognition
  • Image Segmentation
  • 3D Computer Vision
  • Feature Detection/Description/Matching
  • Video Surveillance
  • Large-Scale Visual Recognition
  • Vision Computing on Modern Parallel Architectures

Theory and Analysis of Algorithms:

  • Analysis of Algorithms
  • Data Structures
  • Computational Geometry
  • Graph Algorithms
  • Amortized Complexity
  • Algorithms for Computer Graphics and Visualization

Stochastic modeling

  • Queuing Theory
  • Stochastic Optimization
  • Performance Evaluation
  • Cognitive Radio Network
  • Health Care Application



Mechatronics and Robotics Engineering

Bio-Mechatronic Systems

  • Surgical Robots
  • Rehabilitation Robots and Assistive Devices
  • Human-Robot Interaction
  • Prosthetic Devices
  • Smart Medical Devices
  • Bio-Inspired Robots

Magnetic Suspension and Bearing Systems

  • Control of Magnetic Bearing Systems
  • Applications of Magnetic Bearing in Medical Field
  • Magnetically Levitated Wind Turbine
  • Robots with Magnetic Bearing Joints
  • Vibration Isolation Systems Using Magnetic Suspension
  • Self-Bearing (Bearingless) Motors.


Intelligent Mechatronics Systems

  • Flying/Walking Robot.
  • Tele-Operation Systems.
  • Aerial Manipulation Systems
  • Multi-Locomotion Robots
  • Legged Robots
  • Wearable Vehicle
  • Brain-Based Devices
  • Micro/Nano Manipulation
  • Parallel Manipulators
  • Swarm Robots
  • Intelligent control of Smart Actuators
  • Nonlinear vibration system
  • Smart Structures

Field and Service Robots

  • Mobile Robot Exploration, Navigation and Control
  • Rescue Robots
  • Inspection Robot
  • Climbing Robots
  • Robot Motion Control in Unstructured Area
  • Landmines Detection Robots
  • Indoor Service Robot.
  • Insect-Killing Robot
  • Solar Powered Rover
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, AUV
  • Agriculture Robots
  • Mining Robots
  • Forestry Robots
  • Construction Robots
  • Aerial-Underwater Robots


Micro/Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems

  • Tactile Sensing Systems
  • Smart Sensor/ Actuators
  • Energy Harvesting Devices
  • Micro Flying Robot
  • Microfluidics Systems



Industrial Engineering and Systems Management

Applied Operations Research Laboratory

Container Terminal Planning and Analysis Applications

  • Integrated Berth Allocation and Quay Crane Assignment.
  • Discrete Event Simulation applications.
  • Container Vessel Stowage Planning.

Healthcare applications

  • Operating Room Planning and Scheduling.
  • Nurse Planning and Scheduling.
  • Simulation optimization of healthcare operations.

Energy and sustainability Management Applications

  • Smart Grid Management and Optimization Models.
  • Crop planning and irrigation water management and optimization.

Logistics Applications

  • Green Vehicle Routing Problem/Pollution routing problem.
  • Electric vehicle related problems: charging stations location allocation


  • Autonomous trucks logistics problems.
  • Ride hailing/sharing models.

Supply Chain Management and applications

  • Data analytics based inventory and production planning and


  • The joint replenishment problem.

Conventional Machining Laboratory

  • Modelling and Simulation of Metal Cutting Processes.
  • Ultrasonic-Assisted Machining (Milling or Drilling).
  • Machining of Hard-to-Cut Materials (Milling or Drilling)
  • Machine-Tool / Milling Process Interaction.
  • Chatter Occurrence and Prevention in Milling Processes.
  • Dynamic Interaction between Feed Drive Systems and Cutting Process In Milling Machines.


Materials Science and Engineering

Nano-materials for energy, sensing, environmental and electronic applications

  • Perovskite, CTS, Organic and Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Solar Cells: Fundamental Investigation & Device Engineering.
  • Nanomaterials for Gas Sensing Applications; Fundamental Investigation& Device Engineering.
  • Carbon Nanostructured Materials (Graphene, Carbon Nanofibers and CNTs): Synthesis, Charactrization and Device Engineering in Supercacitors/Batteries/Fuel Cells applications.
  • Nano-Piezo Electronic Materials: Approaches to Energy Scavenging.
  • Strain Gauge Sensors: Materials and Fabrications.
  • Thin Film and Bulk Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials.
  • Plasmonic Nanostructuted Materials as Photo-thermal Membranes.
  • CNTs and Graphene-Based Materials for printed and Flexible Electronic Application.
  • Photo catalysis and Environmental Catalysis for Hydrogen Generation and Fisher Tropcsh Synthesis.
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials for Science and Energy Systems.
  • Corrosion and Super-hydrophobic Coatings with Self-healing Properties.
  • Chitosan, Chitosan-Nanoparticles and Nanofibers Preparation and Characterization For Tissue Engineering And Drug Systems
  • Electro spun Nanofibers and its Applications in Water Desalination and Energy
  • Materials of Solar Water Desalination
  • Materials of Solar Hydrogen Generation

Mechanics of materials: Modeling, Simulation and characterization (properties, stress, strain and displacement)

  • Mechanics of Friction Stir Welding of Similar and Dissimilar Materials
  • Mechanical Electrical Properties of Biological Materials and Heart Tissues
  • Mechanics of Microforming and Micro-Laser Drilling
  • Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Hydroxyapatite
  • Modeling and Simulation of Nano-Pieso Electric Materials
  • Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Analysis Techniques.
  • Evolution of Boundary Elements in Fracture Mechanics
  • Material Models On Macro and Micro Levels for metals, polymer and nanocomposites
  • Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Composites and Nano-Composites
  • Laser Processing of Steels
  • Hot Deformation of Metal Matrix Composites
  • Formability of Ultrafine-Grained Structures
  • Mechanical Processing of New TWIP Stainless Steels
  • Evaluation of The Fatigue Performance of New High Strength Materials for Structural Engineering Applications
  • Superplastic forming
  • Stir casting of metal matrix composites
  • Laser welding similar and dissimilar materials
  • Crashworthiness of high strength steels, Modeling and Simulation, experiments
  • Properties of advanced materials for thermal memory
  • Hydroxyapetite : Preparation, Properties and Its Applications


<AFMM>Advanced Functional Metallic Materials (Design, Processing and Characterization)

  • Ultra-High Strength, Super-Alloys and High Entropy Alloys
  • Dental, Bio-Implants, And Bio-Degradable Metallic Materials
  • Bulk-Nanostructure Materials and Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Improved Castability and Cold Workability of Metals and Alloys
  • Shape Memory and Superelastic Alloys for Sensing, Biomedical, And Structural Application
  • Metal and Metal-Oxides Nano-Tubes and Nano-Rods (Production, Characterization and Applications
  • Structural High Temperature Alloys for Power Plants Applications (Design, Production and Characterization)
  • Bulk-Nanostructured Thermo-Electric Alloys
  • Metals and oxides for radiation sensing and shielding.
  • High Temperature Superconductors
Energy Resources Engineering

Alternative Energy Systems Laboratory 

  • Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV/T) systems-Design and fabrication-Performance analysis
  • Thermal regulation of Concentrator Photovoltaic (CPV/T) systems using Nanotechnology
  • Hybrid Concentrator Photovoltaic/Thermoelectric power generator (CPV/TEG/T)-Design and performance evaluation- Modeling & Experiments
  • Wind Energy-Wind turbine aerodynamics - Modeling & Experiments
  • Fuel Cell Technology (PEMFCs, DMFCs, and SOFCs)- Modeling & Experiments
  • Solar Hydrogen production via Photoelectrochemical cells or Concentrator Photovoltaic/ Photoelectrochemical cells - Modeling & Experiments
  • Spray systems and multi-phase flows- Modeling & Experiments
  • Thermal Hydraulic of nuclear reactors- Modeling & Experiments
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer with applications in energy systems
  • Micro-and Nano scale flows- Modeling & Experiments
  • Flow in porous media- Modeling & Experiments
  • Multiscale Computations (Continuum-Meso), Molecular Dynamic Simulation with applications in biomedical engineering- Modeling & Experiments.
  • Geothermal energy in industrial applications- Modeling & Experiments
  • Integrated Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)- desalination systems- Modeling & Experiments

Thermo-fluids and their applications Laboratory

  • Refrigeration and air conditioning
  • Thermally-driven adsorption cooling systems
  • Desiccant cooling systems
  • Renewable energy-based hybrid adsorption-vapor compression refrigeration systems
  • Solar-driven multigeneration systems
  • Thermal energy storage using adsorption technology
  • Hybrid adsorption cooling-desalination systems
  • Solar energy utilization in water harvesting from atmospheric air
  • Solar systems for energy-efficient housing
  • Heat and mass transfer with applications to energy systems
  • Power plants

Renewable Energy Systems Laboratory

  • Thermal Regulation of PV Systems
  • Design of solar energy system
  • Thermoelectric System
  • Renewable energy- driven seawater desalination
  • Solar systems for energy-efficient housing
  • Renewable energy systems
  • Energy applications in buildings
  • Thermal energy storage application in energy system
  • Heat Pipe
  • Heat and mass Transfer
  • Thermochemical energy storage

For Electrical Power Engineering students:

  • Study the performance of the doubly-fed induction generator
  • Smart grids control and management
  • Enhancing the performance of the PV control system

Fuels and Combustion Engines Laboratory

  • Soot Compression Ignition Engines
  • Alternative, Cleaner and Low-Grade Fuels
  • Morphology and Nanostructure
  • Nanoparticles Synthesis using CI engines and Flames
  • Biomass Gasification and Carbonization
  • Integrated Combustion-Renewable Energy systems
  • Spray and Liquid Atomization
  • Droplet Heating and Evaporation

Energy Storage Laboratory

  • Management the energy storage in electric vehicle
  • Improving the control technique in hybrid energy storage
  • Performance assessments of batteries, power conversion equipment, capacitor systems, in smart micro grids.
Environmental Engineering

Waste Treatment and Management Laboratory

  • Waste Treatment and Management
  • Biofuels and bio-fertilizers production from solid wastes
  • Waste Recycling
  • Sludge Treatment
  • Advanced Oxidation Processes
  • Application of water chemistry and microbiology for treatment of organic and inorganic pollutant
  • Water quality and health risk assessment
  • Sustainability and sustainable development
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Sustainable cities
  • In-plant Control
  • Cleaner Production
  • Climate change
  • Related SDGs 2030

Natural Resources Engineering Laboratory

Nonconventional Water Resources

  • Solar Stills (SS) and integrated SS-HDH-MD systems
  • Hybrid Thermal and membrane desalination
  • Renewable Energy & Geothermal Energy Driven Desalination
  • Nuclear - Desalination
  • Water-Energy-Food Nexus
  • Agriculture Greenhouse - Desalination systems
  • Solar Dryers & water Recovery
  • Tri - hybrid generation of water, electricity and cooling system
  • Integrated Adsorption Cooling – Desalination Systems
  • CFD Analysis of Desalination systems
  • Other desalination related R&D Applications

Energy Efficiency

  • Energy Efficiency Improvement in Building Sector (Architecture Engineering)
  • Energy Conservation in Industrial Sector


Air Quality Laboratory

  • Air Pollution Assessment and Control
  • Climate Change and Sustainability (Greenhouse Effect)
  • Indoor Air Quality Improvement Techniques
  • Assessment of Emissions from Industries and Minimization Techniques
  • Implementation of Nanotechnology for Pollution Control and Detection
  • Sensors and Detectors Technology

Environmental Assessment and Management Labratory

  • Sustainability and Sustainable Development
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Environmental Management for Sustaining a Green Environment
  • Green Healthcare Units
  • Sustainable buildings and cities
  • Passive architecture and urban environment
  • Building energy efficiency
  • Adapting urban planning for climate change
  • Thermal mitigation effects of urban vegetation
  • Natural ventilation efficiency of houses by using computational techniques



Chemicals and Petrochemicals Engineering

Design and Applications of separation Processes

Improving the performance and design of a new systems suitable for separation processes such as, Distillation, Liquid-Liquid Extraction, Gas Absorption, Adsorption, Membrane Separation, etc.

Desalination using solar Energy

  • Design of new solar collectors using nanofluids and its applications in water desalination
  • Desalination Using Capacitive Deionization Techniques.

Design of wastewater treatment units and its applications

  • Advanced Oxidation Techniques such as Plasma for Water Purification.
  • Photocatalysis and its applications in water treatment
  • Using New materials as ion exchange for water treatment
  • Preparation of New electrodes and it applications for wastewater treatment by electrooxidation techniques.

Preparation of Nano-materials and its applications

  • Ion exchange
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Fuel cells

Corrosion Protection

  • Preparation of New Smart Materials and its applications for corrosion control

Catalysis and its applications.

  • Photocataysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, Production of new chemical and petrochemical materials.
  • Electrocatalysis and its Applications in Supercapacitors, Batteries, Sensors and Biosensors.
  • Enzyme-catalysis and its applications in wastewater treatment, production of foodstuffs and pharmaceutical materials.

 Membrane fabrication and modifications and its applications in      

  • Desalination and Ultrafiltration processes.
  • Fuel cells and Hydrogen production
  • Separation processes.

Design of Micro-reactor and its applications such as:

  • Preparation of fine chemicals, food stuffs and pharmaceutical drugs, etc.

 Development of new polymeric materials:

  • Composites, insulators, fibrous materials and conducting polymers, etc.

Biodiesel production from agricultural and oil wastes.